Sunday, August 8, 2010

History of education in Nepal

History of Education has established itself as a leading, international, peer-reviewed journal, focusing on the history of education in all parts of the world. The history of education is the history of teaching and learning. Each generation, since the beginning of human evolution and writing, has sought to pass on cultural and social values, traditions, morality, religion and skills to the next generation. The passing on of culture is also known as enculturation and the learning of social values and behaviours is socialization. The history of the curricula of such education reflects human history itself, the history of knowledge, beliefs, skills and cultures of humanity. History of educations
are same in most of the cases. In case of world history first of all it was verry difficult to take education because in most of the country it was believed that education takes people towards lightness, and this was not good for cruel royal family. Because in most of the part of the world there was cruel royal system. In pre-literate societies, education was achieved orally and through observation and imitation. The young learned informally from their parents, extended family and grand parents. At later stages of their lives, they received instruction of a more structured and formal nature, imparted by people not necessarily related, in the context of initiation, religion or ritual.
All people start ti think that why education is important for them. With the development of writing, it became possible for stories, poetry, knowledge, beliefs, and customs to be recorded and passed on more accurately to people out of earshot and to future generations. In many societies, the spread of literacy was slow; orality and illiteracy remained predominant for much of the population for centuries and even millennia. Literacy in preindustrial societies was associated with civil administration, law, long distance trade or commerce, and religion. A formal schooling in literacy was often only available to a small part of the population, either at religious institutions or for the wealthy who could afford to pay for their tutors. The earliest known universities, or places of higher education, started teaching a millennium or more ago. in this way people start to read and begien to gain knowlledge about education.

History of Education in Nepal:-At first, the history of Nepal began with the establisment of first school in 1853. Although, this was first school, Nepali people could not get
admitted to it. This is because the school was established for the purpose of giving education only to Rana family. This education was only
for rulling Rana families their coutries, their relatives and for rich people. Schooling for the general people began only after 1951 when
a popular movement ended the autocratic Rana family regime and initiated a democratic system. In the past fifty years, there has been a
dramatic expansion of educational facilities in the country. The Ministry of Education is the apex body responsible for initiating and
managing educational activities in the country. The Minister of Education, assisted by the State/Assistant Minister, provides political
leadership to the Ministry. The Ministry, as a part of the government bureaucracy, is headed by the Secretary of Education and consists of
the central office, various functional offices and offices located at the regional and district levels. The Central Office or the Ministry is mainly
responsible for policy development, planning and monitoring and evaluation regarding different aspects of education. this suggest to all the
Nepali people. Then With a purpose of bringing education administration nearer to the people, the Ministry has established five Regional
Directorates and 75 District Education Offices in five development regions and 75 districts respectively. These decentralized offices are
responsible for overseeing nonformal and school level educational activities in their respective areas. Regional Directorates are mainly
responsible for coordinating and monitoring and evaluation of education activities and the District Education Offices are the main
implementing agencies. NCED[citation needed is an Apex body for teacher training in Nepal. There are 34 Educational Training Centers under
NCED to support the teachers in pedagogical areas. In this way education sector went on improvement.


Present education of Nepal:- Now, education of today is with the stage of development. In present the education system and technology is very different than the old
system. Education in Nepal is structured as school education and higher education. School education includes primary level of grades 1-5, lower secondary and secondary levels of grades 6-8 and 9-10 respectively. Pre-primary level of education is also available in certain areas. Six years of age is the prescribed age for admission into grade one. A national level School Leaving Certificate (SLC) Examination is conducted at the end of grade ten. Grades 11 and 12 are considered as higher secondary level. Higher Secondary Education Board (HSEB) supervises higher secondary schools which are mostly under private management. Previously these grades were under the university system and were run as proficiency certificate level. Though some universities still offer these programs, the policy now is to integrate these grades into the school system.
Higher education consists of bachelor, masters and PhD levels. Depending upon the stream and subject, bachelors level may be of three to five years' duration. The duration of masters level is generally of two years. Some universities also offer programs like M Phil and post-graduate diploma.
Here, in this way present education is running in the field of development.

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